Landscape Terminology


Typical small-scale hardscaping examples include brick patios and sidewalks. Retaining walls are often used to create boundaries between hardscapes and earth landscaping features, or softscapes. From an urban planning perspective, hardscapes can include very large features, such as paved roads. Most artificial water features are technically hardscapes because they require a barrier to retain the water, instead of letting it drain into the surrounding soil.


This refers to:

  • the live, horticultural elements & water elements
  • flowers, plants, live ground covers, shrubs, and trees
  • creating an ambiance and reflecting the tastes of the home owners

Water Features

require grading & drainage, and building of pond structures and usually include plantings of trees, shrubs & flowers. Typical water features might include:

  • Ornamental Ponds
  • Water Fountains & Water Falls
  • Bird Baths